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代写essay:如何编写一份有效的文章写作计划和说明?

Writing Effective Essay Plans and Introductions编写有效的文章写作计划和介绍
Section 1: General第1部分:总则
Essay Plans and Introductions are professional tools for writing coherent, logical, carefully documented, persuasive arguments and therefore good academic essays.
文章写作计划和介绍需要具有连贯性,逻辑性,要有仔细的记录,以及有说服力的论据,因此,良好的学术文笔写作能力是写作好文章的必备的条件。
These are transferable skills, suitable for many forms of academic questions and assignments, both at university and in the paid workforce. As a professional you will also seek supervision for projects and writing.
Essay plans and introductions are not done only once.文章的规划方法和介绍不单单是一种的。 They need to be begun at the start, consulted over, and refined progressively as you go, probably several times. Both the Plan and the Introduction are rewritten at the end just before you submit the assignment. The kind of Introduction I am looking for is similar to an Abstract or Synopsis such as you will find in professional journals or a book chapter. See the third section.我期待的介绍是类似这样的,你会发现在专业杂志或一本书中的第一章就是这种抽象的概要。可以参见第三部分。
Read the instructions and tips that precede and follow the Essay Q’s. I will model in the lectures how to write an essay plan and do an introduction. Later, there will be a chance to discuss the Essay Q’s in small groups. Find some friends to form a small study group and help each other. (B & X) It is wise to form a small study group for discussion, support and feedback. X: Post your approach to a specific Q onto the DSO site – in the Essay discussion strand.http://ukthesiss.com/Essay_Writing/
The processes involved in writing and refining plans and introductions encourage you to consult with peers, colleagues or supervisors – such as a DSL tutor, your Study Group or Study Buddy, a tutor or teacher or the unit chair. Explain and get feedback on whether your plan or introduction is clear, logical, rounded, coherent, well-expressed, what’s working well and what might be missing, etc. Refine what you are doing. Allow adequate time for this: make a timeline. Start your essay about 4/5 weeks before it is due. Book meetings with Lynne and a DSL tutor ahead of time.
Ideally, from the teacher’s point of view supervision is not something best done on email, because it is a little clunky for effective tutoring, especially when you are just beginning. 
X students of course I will assist you at a distance online or by phone, or come in and visit if you are in Melbourne.  Listen to the lectures, and post your plan or Intro or questions to the DSO site, and then phone after you have posted.
B students we should consult face to face so I can respond to where you are up to. Please visit and do not hesitate to ask questions in the seminars. More than one person is fine. I will also explain elements of essays in lectures from week 3.  I am always in my office between 1-3 on a Monday and 3-4 on a Thursday (AEST) and some weeks times are extended – see DSO. Try to stick to these if at all possible or we can perhaps make another time. Contact me on email for a time. Don’t leave consulting until the week the essay is due!
1. Before consulting, review the assessment criteria in the unit guide.
2. Before consulting, make a timeline
3. Before consulting, choose an exact essay Q, and do as much as you can yourself following the instructions.
4. A good early step is to write about you and your relationship to the topic. Why are you choosing it? Work on your reflexivity. The process of thinking about this aspect is important.
If you follow the steps below the essay should be pretty straightforward to organise.
Section 2: Writing and using an effective plan编写和使用有效的计划书
1. Make a Question interpretation working from what you already know. Figure out what you think the Q might be asking you to do and sketch out what the obvious sections need to be in the answer.  If you feel confused or have no immediate ideas read some of the reading suggestions in brackets after the Q. Consult your study group.
 
2. Think again in more detail about your response to the Q.  What examples will you use as evidence? Follow the directions: not too few or too many examples, appropriate unit materials, and they need to be in English. Can you access the supporting arguments, theories, films, evidence you need? 
 
3.  Identify in an initial way which unit theorists offer ideas and concepts that you can use to analyze (explain) your examples/evidence. Read more widely than the obvious relevant week. Not every item is relevant, but some readings or films you might not immediately think of as relevant can be made so. For example, from week 1, the Sreberny (2002) reading, ‘Globalization and me …’, Phipps (2009) on ‘Globalization, indigeneity and performing culture’, Jeff Sisson’s (2005) explanation of ‘indigenism’, Robyn Wiegman’s, (2000) ‘Race, ethnicity, and film’, and Jan Van Dijk’s (2005) piece on ‘the digital divide’ are probably relevant to many questions and films. That’s potentially five references sown up before you get to the exact topic week. Easy to work in more!
4. Think carefully about which films might best illustrate the question and your argument, and why. There may be several possibilities. Check with friends, tutor and/or with Lynne if not sure.
仔细考虑哪些好的电影可能说明你的观点和问题,以及选择他们的原因。可能的几种可能性。如果不能确定,请与朋友,导师和或者Lynne商量。
5. Now write a first draft essay plan. OK to use bullet points and numbers to help you organise stuff. So far you are mainly working on what is called yourheuristics – the initial hunches you have, the unit reading you have done so far, and ideas that appeal to you from training, personal experience, commonsense (hegemonic or counter-hegemonic ideas for example).
6. Organise your plan in content terms to begin with:
Topic, central aspects/themes you will focus on, films, key theorists, their important ideas, steps in the argument, evidence and conclusions. At the start you probably don’t know all of these. They get added as you read and think and write. In the plan, ok to use bullet points and no’s to organise the materials but include the in-text refs in Harvard style (author, date, p.) from the beginning.
Then, divide the above content into standard essay sections, such as Introduction, reflexive introduction, literature review/analytic framework, analysis, conclusion. (See Section 3 Introduction)



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