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reference格式 HARVARD STYLE:HOW TO CITE REFERENCES USING

RGU: LIBRARY
Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
When to cite? . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
reference格式 What should a reference citation look like within my text? . . . . . . 3
Reference citations for specific materials
A book by a single author / group of authors who have
not written chapters separately (a monograph) . . . . . . 4
An anthology, or a book where different authors have written different chapters . 4
A thesis (print) . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
An article in a journal, magazine or newspaper (print) . . . . . . 5
Conference papers or proceedings . . . . . . . . . 6
An exhibition catalogue . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Where there is no author . . . . . . . . . . 7
Committee reports . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Patents . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Legal materials
Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Legislation . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
European Union materials . . . . . . . . . 10
Bills and Command papers . . . . . . . . . 11
Scottish Law Commission / Law Commission materials . . . . . 12
In electronic formats only . . . . . . . . . . 12
Figures, tables and illustrations . . . . . . . . . 12
Original artworks . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Electronic resources
In fixed formats (e.g. on CD-ROM) . . . . . . . . 14
Online books . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
An electronic thesis . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Online journal articles . . . . . . . . . . 15
Webpages . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Films, videos, DVDs and broadcasts . . . . . . . . 16
Conversations, letters or emails (personal communications) . . . . . 18
Citing more than one source by the same author, and citing the
same source more than once . . . . . . . . . . 18
Secondary referencing . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Further information . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
RGU: LIBRARY
HOW TO CITE REFERENCES USING THE HARVARD STYLE
2 RGU: LIBRARY
Why cite references?
• To acknowledge use of other people’s work. Even if you cite someone else’s work only in order
to disagree with it, you have made use of their intellectual property and you must acknowledge
it.
• To help readers of your work follow how your argument was assembled and what your influences
are – to help them form their own opinions on your work.
If you use someone else’s work without acknowledgement you risk facing charges of
plagiarism, which could damage your progress through University. This Guide is designed to
help you apply good practice in acknowledging and citing your sources.
How do I cite?
There are different styles of reference prescribed by various organisations. Details about a particular
style will normally be set out in a style sheet or style manual: these cover things like how quotations



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