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How to reference-University of Plymouth Guide to Referencing

University of Plymouth Guide to Referencing
How to reference These Harvard-based guidelines are generic and are meant to supplement, not replace, the guidelines given to you for your programme, which are usually provided in your module handbooks. Some subjects make these guidelines available on the portal. You are advised to follow your module/programme instructions exactly for citing and referencing sources, and use this guide for further information only.
1. In-text references / citations This means how to put references in the body of your assignment, and this section includes the following cases:
1.1 A typical reference - what to include and what not to
1.2 Incorporating others’ material - words and expressions to use
1.3 Author's name occurs naturally in the sentence
1.4 Author’s name does not occur naturally
1.5 Page numbers - when to use them
1.6 More than one cited document by the same author(s) in the same year
1.7 Two authors of one work
1.8 More than two authors of one work
1.9 Dictionaries, encyclopaedias or other collaborative works with several authors
1.10 No originator / Anon
1.11 Newspaper where no author is given
1.12 Corporate authors or organisations where no individual’s name is indicated
1.13 Year of publication unknown
1.14 Secondary sources (one author referred to in another’s text)
1.15 Different authors saying the same thing
1.16 Author in an edited book
1.17 Diagrams, photos, charts, maps and other illustrations
1.18 Unsure whether to cite or not?
1.19 How many references should there be?
1.20 Compare, comment and critique
2. Reference list or bibliography
This means how to make a reference list or bibliography (this section describes the difference between the two) at the end of your assignment for the following types of sources:
2.2.1 The difference between a reference list and bibliography
2.2.2 How to make a reference list
University of Plymouth Guide to Referencing
Please follow your course guidelines (usually in your module or programme handbook) in the first
instance; only use this Harvard guide for further support with different types of sources.
2.2.3 Books (several authors, edited books, chapters, editions, same author and year, theses and dissertations)
2.2.4 Journal Articles (periodicals and unpublished conference papers)
2.2.5 Conference papers
2.2.6 Newspapers
2.2.7 Videos and films
2.2.8 Web pages
2.2.9 Articles in electronic journals
2.2.10 Downloaded articles
2.2.11 E-mail
2.2.12 Mailing lists and Usenet newsgroups
2.2.13 Interviews
2.2.14 No obvious author, publisher, date or place, inc. Government publications and Latin abbreviations
1. In-text references / citations How to put references in the body of your assignment
1.1 A typical in-text reference in an author/date (Harvard type) system might look like the one below. Note that the full stop comes after the reference to include it in the sentence to which it refers:

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