Handbook Abstract Proposal Literature Review 留学生论文翻译 Annotated Bibliographies Methodology 留学生论文润色 出国留学论文Reference



1)作者姓氏在文章中直接标注,如:In general, when writing for a professional publication, it is good practice to make reference to other relevant published work. This view has been supported in the work of Cormack (1994).如果直接引用原文,则必须用‘’号标注引用部分,并标注引用部分所在的文献页数,如:Cormack (1994, pp.32-33) states that 'when writing for a professional readership, writers invariably make reference to already published works'.
2) 作者姓氏不在文章中直接标注,如Making reference to published work appears to be characteristic of writing for a professional audience (Cormack, 1994).

Jones (1946) and Smith (1948) have both shown …
或者:Further research in the late forties (Jones, 1946; Smith, 1948) lead to major developments……(Collins, 1998; Brown, 2001; Davies, 2008)

3 二、三、四个作者写同一篇文献, 如:
During the mid nineties research undertaken in Luton (Slater and Jones, 1996) showed that...or:Earlier research (White and Brown, 1966) demonstrated that the presence of certain chemicals would lead to...

4 多于4个作者来自同一篇文章, 如:Green, et al. (1995) found that the majority …or::Recent research (Green, et al., 1995) has found that the majority of …

5 同一个作者不同时期的文章should be cited in chronological order (i.e. earliest first) ,如:
as suggested by Bloggs (1992, 1994) who found that …or: research in the nineties (Bloggs 1992, 1994) found that …

6 同一个作者,同一年份,不同作品,如:
Earlier research by Dunn (1993a) found that…but later research suggested again by Dunn (1993b) that …

If several works published in the same year are referred to on a single occasion, or an author has made the same point in several publications, they can all be referred to by using lower case letters (as above):
Bloggs (1993a, b) has stated on more than one occasion that …

7 书的章节作者

In his work on health information, Smith (1975) states …

In the reference list at the end of your document, you should include details of both the chapter author and the editor of the entire work
(See Section on Chapters of edited books for further details).

8 ‘企事业单位‘作者
This applies to publications by associations, companies, government departments etc. such as Department of the Environment or Royal College of Nursing.

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