Handbook Abstract ProposalLiterature Review 留学生论文翻译 Annotated Bibliographies Methodology 留学生论文润色 出国留学论文 Reference
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Literature Review怎么写?Write a Literature Review-怎么写Literature

Literature Review怎么写?Write a Literature Review-怎么写Literature Review呢?

1. Introduction
Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.g. dissertations, conference proceedings) relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of each work. The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature published on a topic.
2. Components
Similar to primary research, development of the literature review requires four stages:
四个阶段
• Problem formulation—which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues?
• 问题规划:正在研究的主题或者领域以及构成的问题
• Literature search—finding materials relevant to the subject being explored
• 文献搜索:找到搜索主题的相关材料
• Data evaluation—determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic
• 数据评估:确定哪些文献对于主题的理解有重要的贡献
• Analysis and interpretation—discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature
• 分析与说明:讨论调查结果以及相关文献的结论
Literature reviews should comprise the following elements:
文献综述应该包含四个要素
• An overview of the subject, issue or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review
• 主题、问题或者所考虑到的理论的概述,和文献综述的目标
• Division of works under review into categories (e.g. those in support of a particular position, those against, and those offering alternative theses entirely)
• 将著作分类(支持某个立场的,反对某个立场的,还有两者皆同意的)
• Explanation of how each work is similar to and how it varies from the others
• 阐释每一本著作与其他著作的相似和相同之处
• Conclusions as to which pieces are best considered in their argument, are most convincing of their opinions, and make the greatest contribution to the understanding and development of their area of research
• 得出结论,关于在讨论中哪部分最好,最有说服力,对于研究领域的理解和发展做出的贡献最大
In assessing each piece, consideration should be given to:
评价每一部分,应该考虑到:
• Provenance—What are the author's credentials? Are the author's arguments supported by evidence (e.g. primary historical material, case studies, narratives, statistics, recent scientific findings)?
• 出处:作者的资格?作者的论证是否有证据来支持(如基本史料、个案研究、叙述统计、最近的科学发现)?
• Objectivity—Is the author's perspective even-handed or prejudicial? Is contrary data considered or is certain pertinent information ignored to prove the author's point?



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