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留学生论文:Structure of a Critical Review

1. Introduction
• Provide a context for the article
• Introduce the article: give the title and name of the author (full name is possible here with subsequent references to the family name only)
• Identify the article’s purpose
• Indicate your overall impression of the article (positive negative, positive/negative or negative/positive
2. Main findings and conclusions
• Summarize and analyze (where relevant):
- method
- main findings
- arguments
- conclusions
3. Evaluate the article
• Evaluate the strengths/ usefulness of the article
• Evaluate the weaknesses/ limitations/ problems of the article especially for your purposes
Consider how well the author’s arguments are supported by the evidence presented and also consider the implications of the author’s ideas. Make positive and/or negative assessments of the author’s ideas, methods, arguments, expression, and organisation pointing out strengths/usefulness and/or weaknesses/limitations. For example are there issues which have not been addressed or information that has been omitted.
These assessments should be made in terms of the criteria you have established to evaluate the text and the context. Consider making a judgment about the usefulness of the text in relation to the larger context of where it might belong (for example other research in the same area).
4. Conclusion
• Make final judgment on the value of the article
• Comment on the future of the issue / topic or implications of the view expressed

Questions To Ask After Reading
It is useful to think about the text and ask yourself these questions:
1. What new information/ ideas/ insights have I gained from this book or article?
What arguments were new to me?
2. How does it relate to other material or my prior knowledge of the topic?
3. What is my response to the material in this text? Do I accept the information as true?
Do I agree with the ideas expressed?
What ideas do I agree/disagree with?
4. How can I use this new material, especially in relation to my assignment?
5. What are the limitations of this text for my purposes?
What further reading do I still have to do?
6. Was there anything that I didnt fully understand eg a concept or term; a reference to a person, event, idea; cultural or local knowledge; specialized knowledge of the field that I should check?
General Critical Reading Questions
To think critically about what you have read, you can ask the following general questions:
1. What is the author’s argument / point of view / stance / thesis?
2. How does the author support this argument / point of view / stance / thesis?
3. Is the argument convincing?
4. Is the methodology appropriate?
5. Are there issues that have not been addressed, or important information that has not been mentioned?

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