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英国留学生DISSERTATION INTRODUCTION格式范文-talented entrepreneurs-英国

Currently, demand fortalented entrepreneurs is greater than ever (Thompson, 2004). In the UK, the National Committee of Inquiry into Higher Education (1997) recommended in 1997 that universities developed innovative approaches to entrepreneurship related programme designs, and Universities UK (2000) listed business and entrepreneurial development as one of four strategic goals for British universities (cited in Kirby, 2004). Kirby (2004) indicated that, in addition, many governments became interested in the creation of cultures that would create new ventures and promote enterprise.

Simultaneously, Phillipson (1995) mentioned that there are many students who would prefer to develop their own business post graduation; hence they would like to become entrepreneurs. Regardless of Phillipson’s (1995) study, many researchers have probed into the motivation which drives them into taking on the risk, uncertainty and independent structure of business ownership (Segal, Borgia, and Schoenfeld, 2005).

Some researchers argued that every individual possesses the potential to be an entrepreneur as people are being more innovative and creative in the numerous tasks that they undertake. Thompson (2004) suggested, however, that only particular individuals possess the necessary prowess and dexterity that could succeed as an entrepreneur, where people should not be encouraged to believe that they can. Drucker (1986), Phillipson (1995) and Thompson (2004) summarized that an entrepreneur’s natural and instinctive behaviour is to exploit any opportunities and take on decisions regarding the risks related to the utilization of economic resources leading to the generation of higher productivity and profitability.

The notion of whether students can be taught to become entrepreneurs is an ongoing debate in the entrepreneurship academy (Fiet, 2000a cited in Henry, Hill, and Leitch, 2005). Some authors believed that individuals can develop their entrepreneurship through either technique-based training or relevant education and training. Thompson (2004) clarified, conversely, that “acknowledgement of talent and temperament emphasises the weakness of concentrating on technique-based training for entrepreneur” (Thompson, 2004. p.246) as talent is an innate ability and temperament is the driving force behind everyone’s behaviour (Thompson, 2004).

Likewise, if Thompson’s (2004) interpretation of the ‘born or bred’ debate is accepted, another question is how to identify the potential entrepreneur. The notion of entrepreneurship is always associated with predominant characteristics (Henderson and Robertson, 1999) and certain characteristics are usually evident in those who enjoy success (Lambing and Kuehl, 2003).

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