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美国留学生英语语言学论文定制-斯蒂芬妮.斯密科幻小说人物语言特色分析-Octavia Butler:A Retrospe

留学生论文网提供美国留学生英语语言学论文定制。Octavia Butler:A Retrospective
Stephanie A. Smith
T H E ONLY SCIENCE FICTION WRITER to have received a prestigious"genius" grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation,acclaimed author Octavia E. Butler is often described as havingwritten stories about "racial and sexual and cultural diversity" and, as theprotagonist, Dana, in her novel Kindred says, about "strange relationships."Butler had, indeed, an extraordinarily "strange" literary vision for hertime; she said of herself that she was "comfortably asocial... a pessimist if
I'm not careful, a feminist, a Black, a quiet egoist, a former Baptist, and anoil-and-water combination of ambition, laziness, insecurity, certainty, anddrive." Butler's father, who shined shoes for a living, died when she was achild, and her mother supported the family by being a maid. Given suchearly hard times, her eminence as one of the country's leading sciencefiction writers is both extraordinary and rare, for to date Butler is the onlyprominent, popular, female African American and decidedly feministvoice in an historically white male domain called science fiction andfantasy or SF/F.'
Sadly for those of us who have followed the emergence of feministSF/F since back in the heady days of the late 1960s, the shy but powerful
Butler died too young, at only fifty-eight, in February of 2006. Her work
Feminist Studies 33, no. 2 (Summer 2007). © 2007 by Feminist Studies, Inc.
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386 Stephanie A. Smith
remains with us, not only as the proverbial "good read" but also as aninvaluable fictional resource for feminist studies: indeed, she was avowedlyfeminist, but more importantly, her work brings together rich considerationsof science, history, race, gender, and class—rich and strange and fascinatingrelationships. Her works have already made her a central figure infeminist SF, alongside such legendary and beloved voices as Joanna Russ,Ursula K. Le Guin, Vonda N. Mclntyre, Margaret Atwood, and Kate Wilhelm,to name only a few.
The subgenre of feminist science fiction deals with issues of particularconcern to feminism(s), engaging questions about gender and queer studies,family and social structures, individual autonomy, and the individual'sability to control her body and sexuality. Two key early texts that specificallyengage gender and reproductive biology are Le Guin's The Left Hand of
BOOKS DISCUSSED IN THIS ARTICLEKindred. By Octavia E. Butler. Boston: Beacon Press, 1979.
Parable ofthe Sower. By Octavia E. Butler. New York: Time/Warner, 1993.Fledgling: A Novel. By Octavia E. Butler. New York: Seven Stories Press, 2005."Bloodchild": Bloodchild and Other Stories. By Octavia E. Butler. New York: Seven
Stories Press, 2005.Darkness (1969) and Russ's The Female Man (1975), although some critics have



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