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英国论文网:英国农业革命与英国工业革命的作用与反作用 On the agricultural revolution an

英国革命论文On the agricultural revolution and industrial revolution the interaction between reaction

The UK is of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland ", located in Western Europe, from England, Scotland, wales and northern AiErLanDao and the nearby many small islands. Britain by monsoon weather due, so of maritime climate temperate broad-leaved forest, the climate is mild, suitable to grow barley, wheat, etc.; Britain in 1994, cereal crop planting area of 3.05 million hectares, total 19.67 million tons, per capita are close to 340 kg. As a tiny island nation, a tiny place why since the industrial revolution leads the world, to be a strong "day not fall empire". I believe that the role of the agricultural and inseparable, I will now from the industrial revolution and the agricultural industry huge transformation and development in this discussion.

Early before the industrial revolution, Britain's land system for medieval form a open field system, is to lean, the distance, dry wet is different, to be fair distribution, and give you a small piece of fat, a small piece of thin, a small piece of far, a small piece of nearly of... , people in order to grow crops, to the mutual agreement or trading made his land more focused, since this time from enclosure movement is to happen from time to tome, but smaller. Until 17 th century the agricultural revolution began, the scale of the enclosure movement full swing began, the scale of the enclosure movement led to a large number of rural labor leave the land to leave country, transfer to the city, for the industrial revolution provide a lot of labor support, to ensure the normal operation of the factory and the mass production of industrial products. On the other hand, enclosure movement of land annexation for capitalism of the agricultural development of laid a foundation, at this time of agricultural production because land area index increase and the rural labor force to peel and use save labor farming and early agricultural machinery, and better organization and rational division of labor, improving labor productivity, and, to some extent, completion of the farming form of change.

The agricultural revolution except for the industrial revolution provide a lot of labor, but also to provide the required for production of raw materials, provide food for the urban population. In the agricultural revolution before the main land production is the product of primitive agriculture, does not adapt to the need of economic development. But along with the enclosure movement, capitalism in agriculture in the farm type occupies the leading position. Agricultural farming and planting technology experience significant reform. Root crops and forage planting gradually promotion, Norfolk LunZuoZhi instead of the traditional farming system, artificial fertilizers and application of fertilizer and agricultural machinery adoption, and studying the improvement, etc, it not only makes all can be directly edible crop yield, but also ensure the animal husbandry virtually feed supply and the quality of the livestock. Figures show that: wheat yield per acre enclosure for the 2.15 quarts, enclosure for 3.25 quarts; Barley from 4.5 quarts up to 5 quarts; Oats from 4 quarts rose to 5.5 quarts; Beans from 35 quarts up to 4 quarts. (quarts: the British unit of weight, 1 quarts equivalent to 12.7 kg) in the animal husbandry, increased to 354 head of cattle breeding programs, increased to 407 head of sheep breeding programs. The great development of animal husbandry planting and growing population for the industry to provide the safeguard. The agricultural revolution not only for the industrial revolution provides wool, starch, fat and so on industrial need raw material, and provides industry with an increasing food and animal products.

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