国际商务管理 社会学心理学 信息和知识管理 管理类作业 经济学作业法律作业 市场学作业 语言学作业 金融作业格式 会计作业格式 物流管理作业
返回首页

关于审裁处的分析行为的探讨

 Analysis of the Tribunal审裁处的分析
 Preliminary Considerations初步考虑因素
In any legal system, arbitrators and justices general face thechallenge to interpret documents negotiated to create legalobligations in a given time and place to apply them in another timeand maybe under a significantly different context.
在任何法律制度中,仲裁员和法官在面对分歧的时候,都是需要进行磋商的,以此可以在一个给定的时间和地点申请进行另一个阶段的调整,也许下一个会是不同的关于法定义务的文件。
In particular,doctrine has shown a considerable interest in the provisions ofcertain bilateral investment treaties signed in the 1980s and 1990s,as is the case of this dispute, wherein one of the signatories was acommunist government. Since then, many of these nations havebecome important targets of direct investments and, in some cases,have made considerable investments in other countries. China, forexample, has increased dramatically its share in the world economy,first as a magnet for impressive volumes of direct foreign investmentand more recently as a source of funding of direct foreigninvestment in many other countries.http://ukthesiss.com/fvxzy/
The BIT clause addressing specifically the settlement ofdisputes is Article 8 and reads as follows:
 Any dispute between an investor of one Contracting Party andthe other Contracting Party in connection with an investment inthe territory of the other Contracting Party shall, as far aspossible, be settled amicably through negotiations between theparties to the dispute.2. If the dispute cannot be settled through negotiations within sixmonths, either party to the dispute shall be entitled to submit thisdispute to the competent court of the Contracting Partyaccepting the investment.如果通过内6个月的谈判,争议纠纷不能得到解决,那么任何一方的应有权,都要提交给有关于投资有管辖权的法院。
If a dispute involving the amount of compensation forexpropriation cannot be settled within six months after resort tonegotiations as specified in Paragraph 1 of this Article, it may besubmitted at the request of either party to the internationalarbitration of the International Centre for Settlement ofInvestment Disputes (ICSID), established by the Convention onthe Settlement of Investment Disputes between States andNationals of Other Sates, signed in Washington D.C. on March18, 1965. Any disputes concerning other matters between aninvestor of either Contracting Party and the other ContractingParty may be submitted to the Centre if the parties to thedisputes so agree. The provisions of this Paragraph shall notapply if the investor concerned has resorted to the procedurespecified in Paragraph 2 of this Article.如果投资者已经有所关注,并且已采取本条第2款规定的程序,那么本款规定不适用于这些投资者。 
The Centre shall adjudicate in accordance with the law of theContracting Party to the dispute accepting the investmentincluding its rules on the conflict of laws, the provisions of thisAgreement as well as the generally recognised principles ofinternational law accepted by both Contracting Parties.
The different positions of the Parties with regard to the scopeof Article 8 have focused mainly on the phrase “involving the amountof compensation for expropriation” in Article 8(3). Variations of thisphrase are included in the provisions on settlement of disputes ofmany treaties since the 1980s. In general, the doctrine hasunderstood that such phrase reflects certain degree of distrust orideological unconformity on the part of communist regimes regardinginvestment of private capital, and maybe also certain concern aboutthe decisions of international tribunals on matters such regimes arenot familiar with and over which they had no control. Such wordingseemed to seek certain limitations. However, the exact scope ofsuch limitations is a key issue that must be determined.
不过,在确切的范围内,这样的限制是必须确定的需要解决的一个关键问题。


------分隔线----------------------------
UK Thesis Base Contacts

24小时在线客服

QQ:77276002

Email:77276002@qq.com

推荐内容