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留学生管理学论文-Tools and Techniques-多种决策技术和工具-六顶思考的帽子

Tools and Techniques
Contents
1. Introduction
2. ‘Six Thinking Hats’ technique
3. The ways to use the technique
A. White Hat
B. Red Hat
C. Black Hat
D. Yellow Hat
E. Green Hat
F. Blue Hat
4. Practical application of the technique
5. Conclusion
6. Bibliography如今,有多种决策技术和工具和他们中的许多人被认为是非常有效的。同时它几乎是不可能谈论一个理想的决策工具或技术,它将适用于所有的实际情况,导致了有限使用这个或那个技术或工具。然而,有一些技巧,效果相当高的限制,为其使用时很少一个这样的技术是“六顶思考的帽子”技术开发的爱德华·德波诺。

“六顶思考的帽子”技术

传统上,人们相信,“六顶思考的帽子”,这是一个非常重要和强大的技术。它是用来在不同情况下的决策来看看一些重要的观点。基本上它迫使他们走出一个人的习惯性的思维方式与更广泛的观点有助于让情况一般。众所周知,很多成功的人认为来自一个非常合理的、积极的观点。其实这是部分原因为什么他们是成功的。然而,他们常常不能看问题从一个情感上的、直觉的、创造性或负面的观点,防止他们有客观公正的整个情况。这意味着他们经常低估了抗计划,未能作出创造性的飞跃和不做出必要的应变计划。

另一方面,在类似情况过分悲观主义者可以防守,更情绪化的人可能无法看冷静和理性的决定。其实“六顶思考的帽子”技术被认为是解决这一问题,决策过程混合因为雄心壮志,技能在执行、公共灵敏度、创造力和良好的应变计划。

这个方法使用该技术

谈到如何使用“六顶思考的帽子”技术,应当指出,该技术可用于会议以及个人层面。在会议上,有利益冲突发生堵塞,当人们在人与不同的思维方式讨论这一问题。开发人员的技术建议几个“帽子”,克服了问题,可能会面临一个决策过程,并在每一个“帽子”,这是一个不同风格的思考。

答:白色的帽子

Introduction
Nowadays, there is a variety of decision-making techniques and tools and many of them are considered to be very effective. At the same time it is hardly possible to speak about an ideal decision-making tool or technique which would be applicable in all practical situations that leads to the limited use of this or that technique or tool. Nonetheless, there are some techniques which effectiveness is quite high while restrictions as for their use are few and one of such techniques is ‘Six Thinking Hats’ technique developed by Edward de Bono.
‘Six Thinking Hats’ technique
Traditionally, it is believed that ‘Six Thinking Hats’ is a very important and powerful technique. It is used in different situations to look at decisions from a number of important perspectives. Basically it forces one to move outside one’s habitual thinking style and helps to get a wider view on the situation in general. It is a well-known fact that many successful people think from a very rational, positive viewpoint. Actually this is part of the reason why they are successful. However, often they fail to look at the problem from an emotional, intuitive, creative or negative viewpoint that prevents them to have an objective view on the situation. It means that often they underestimate the resistance to plans, fail to make creative leaps and not do make essential contingency plans.



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