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对“最蓝的眼睛”非同寻常的母爱进行分析

An Analysis of the Unconventional Motherhood in   The Bluest Eye  对“最蓝的眼睛”非同寻常的母爱进行分析
 
Introduction介绍
1.1 A brief introduction of Toni Morrison简单介绍了托妮·莫里森
   As one of the most outstanding and important African American women writers, Toni Morrison is the first black woman writer who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1993.作为一个最优秀和最重要的美国黑人女作家,在1993年托妮·莫里森是第一个获得了诺贝尔文学奖的黑人女作家。
Toni Morrison was born in Lorain Ohio on February 1931. 托妮·莫里森于1931年2月出生在美国俄亥俄州洛雷恩。In order to escape from the fetter of racism in the south and find better opportunities in the north, her parents moved to Ohio. Her father was a master of black folklore and ghost stories, and her mother was a singer in the choir. Both of them were proud of their own culture and image. Morrison heard many black folklore and songs throughout her childhood, which had a deep influence on her, making her believe that the black should have the same social status and achieve the same treatments as well as the white. After graduating from Howard University in 1953, she went to south and received her Master Degree of Arts from Cronell University in 1955. In 1957, she returned to Haward University to teach English. After giving birth to her second son, she moved to New York and began to her writing career. As a senior editor at Random House, she mainly writes novels about the black, especially black woman’s life. 在作为兰登书屋的资深编辑,她主要是写关于黑人的小说的,特别是黑人妇女的生活。http://ukthesiss.com/shx/
From 1970 to 2003, Toni Morrison had published 8 novels. The Bluest Eye is her first novel, which was published in 1970. Although this novel was not achieved praise, but it made her enter into the field of black literature and fight for racial equality. Sula was published in 1974, which was nominated for the National Book Award and was a milestone in Toni Morrison’s fictional works. In 1977, her third novel Song of Solomon made her win the National Book Critics Cricle Award. Beloved is her most famous novel published in 1987 and she won the Pulitzer Prize. Morrison “has proven that African-American women writers no longer command only a black audience but can hold white readers’ interest and earn their respect while lessening their ignorance of the black race”(Robinson, 2001: 9).
1.2 A brief introduction of The Bluest Eye简单介绍了“最蓝的眼睛”
   The Bluest Eye is Toni Morrison’s first novel, which was published in 1970. 托妮·莫里森的“最蓝的眼睛”,这是在1970年出版的第一部小说。Besides, it is considered as one of the most important novels of Morrison. In this novel, the author emphatically portrays a little black girl, Pecole Breedlove and her miserable girlhood. Influenced by cultural and racial oppression, her father, Cholly always gets drunk and fights with her mother. Her mother, Pauline devotes herself to her white master’s family and gives the Fisher girl all her love and care. Because of Pauline’s indifference and silence, Pecola considers herself an ugly girl. After raped by her father, blamed and denied by her mother, Pecola’s inner world is destroyed completely. In her eyes, only with white skin and blue eyes can she have qualification for achieving her mother’s love and care and become a beautiful girl. Rejected by her family and black community, she becomes mad and considers that she has already had a pair of blue eyes. Meanwhile, Morrison depicts another black mother, Grealdine, like Pauline, she hates her blackness and worships everything connecting with the white. Because of lack of maternal love and care, her son, Junior becomes a sadist. In addition, by describing Mrs. MacTeer’s self-affirmation and her daughters’ self-identification, Morrison tells the black that loving their own culture and image black people can achieve same status and rights as well as the white have in American society.


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