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留学生论文网_物流学留学生毕业论文需求_The Positive and Negative Impact by Usin

The Positive and Negative Impact by Using Third Party Logistics

Nowadays, more and more manufacturers choose to focus on their most cores of competencies. This strategy leads to extensive outsourcing in areas. Regarding the 留学生论文网supply chain, most companies choose to begin their logistics operations utilizing the resources of a Third Party Logistics operation. Third party logistic company came into being for assisting manufacturers with the rigorous selection process assuring every criterion is considered, tailored to the special needs of their products. Its services include assisting with the generations of a Request for Proposal, Site Visits, Proposal Analysis and Recommendation.

This proposal uses the findings of a survey conducted during 2004 of large American manufacturers that addressed their use of third party logistics (3PL) services as its objective to examine the advantage and disadvantage by using the 3PL. The survey data show that the percentage of those companies using such services is at a record high level, and that users are giving a steadily increasing percentage of their logistics operating budgets to 3PL service providers.

Many 3PL relationships are long-term in nature, and the service providers continue to deliver value to their clients. The movement of large American manufacturers into other geographies for sourcing, manufacturing, and sales has led many of their 3PL service providers to expand into those areas to support those activities. During the next several years, the possible adoption of RFID technology by many of these manufacturers will pose significant challenges to their 3PL providers in attempting to meet the related needs of their clients.

Logistics outsourcing has become common among large American manufacturers as they seek not only to control costs, but also use logistics services as a means of differentiation in both domestic and international markets. The companies that use such services, or are considering their use, have been faced with an industry that has undergone significant changes in the past several years. The third party logistics (3PL) industry has changed structurally with mergers, acquisitions, company failures, and the entry of many new competitors into niche markets. The geographic coverage and service offerings of the major providers has expanded dramatically, and the industry has had to cope with a significant economic slowdown. The technology employed by the industry has also changed rapidly, not only increasing the capital costs of the service providers, but also exerting pressure on industry prices.

There is a well known summary of the findings of a survey conducted during 2004 as part of an annual research effort that examines 3PL service use by U.S. Fortune 500 manufacturers. The first survey in the series was conducted in 1991, and annual surveys commenced in 1994.

Each year, a questionnaire is developed and mailed to the chief logistics executive of the 500 largest American manufacturing companies, in an attempt to gather data concerning the use of 3PL services by those companies. The data generated each year not only provides an overview of current use patterns, but also provides a basis for comparison with the results of the earlier annual surveys. To provide a longer-term overview of 3PL use, each year the survey gathers data on the following issues: the extent to which large American manufacturers use 3PL services in their domestic and international operations, and the specific 3PL services used by those companies, the impact of using 3PL on logistics costs, logistics service levels, customer satisfaction, and employee morale and the future plans of users.



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