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留学生论文网_物流学留学生毕业论文需求_The Positive and Negative Impact by Usin(4)

Besides the current results we get from this important survey, this proposal also analyses the current state of the Third party Logistics both home and abroad. According to the 2000 statistics, the expenditure of logistics was $3750 billion in the whole world, and the third party logistics market was $207 approximately 5.5% of the whole expenditure. By 2002, the world logistics expenditure increased to $4000 billion, and the third party logistics reaches up to $281 billion, approximately 7% of the whole.

From 1996 to 2002, the increase rate of global third party market is 13%. The logistics expert Robert Randall announced in the 2000 American Logistics Report that the cost of American logistics was $920 billion in 1999, accounting for 9.9% of $926 billion GDP, while the percent was 11.4% in 1990, and 15.7% in 1980.( Lieb, R.C. and Peluso, L. 2000a) American third party logistics industry consulting company report tells that American third party logistics market was $56.4 billion, account for 5.6% of the whole American logistics expenditure. The expenditure of logistics was 85 billion Euros in 1999 in European Union, and the third party logistics market was 26 billion Euros approximately 30% of the whole expenditure.

Some statistics indicates the proportions of the third party logistics in the whole logistics market are 76% in Europe, 80% in Japan, 58% in America, and these are still growing. 24% European non-third party logistics consumers are considering the employment of the third party logistics services, and along with 33% American consumers; 62% European enterprises that have already accepted the third party logistics services are considering the possible increase of such service, and the same thought with 72% American enterprises.

The more than two decades of economic reform and transition to market economy has brought China unprecedented economic expansion. China is now the world’s largest manufacturing base, and is closing in on becoming the world’s largest market. To a large extent, the future growth of China’s economy will hinge on the ability of logistics service providers to offer cost-effective and efficient supply chain management. With the economic expansion and China’s accession into WTO, the logistics industry in China is set to take off. But how far will it go?

We have already witnessed a rapid transition in the logistics industry in China, from an industry dominated by a few big state-owned enterprises as recently as a decade ago, to the emergence of domestic and foreign third party logistics service providers, as well as lots of small scale local service providers which sometimes consist of two people with one truck. The word “logistics” now pops up everywhere on billboards and in daily newspapers, and is one of the hottest words in China. The infrastructure in China has improved dramatically. New modern facilities such as airports, ports, highways, logistics parks and warehouses are being built at a record setting pace. Companies have invested extensively in information technologies and software. But while these are without a doubt important signs for the future of China’s logistics industry, it will be governed by many other important signs for the future of China’s logistics industry requires a deeper look into various key components of the industry. These include: corporate structure, finance, services, operations, management, information technology, customer relations and policy issues.



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