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留学生论文网-物流供应链留学生毕业论文-发展演化的供应链:案例与最佳做法-E-volution of a supply

留学生论文网提供物流供应链留学生毕业论文。E-volution of a supply chain: cases and best practices
Dimitris Folinas
Vicky Manthou
Marianna Sigala andMaro Vlachopoulou
The authors
Dimitris Folinas is a Researcher and Vicky Manthou isAssociate Professor, both in the Department of AppliedInformatics, University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece.
Marianna Sigala is a Lecturer in Operations and ProductionManagement, Business Administration Department, Universityof the Aegean, Chios, Greece.Maro Vlachopoulou is Associate Professor, Department ofApplied Informatics, University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki,Greece.
Keywords
Supply chain management, Case studies, Electronic commerce
Abstract
Supply chain management (SCM) is an integrating philosophy tomanage the total flow of materials, information and finance fromsupplier to ultimate customer. The goal of SCM is to meet theneeds of the final consumer by supplying the right product at theright place, time and price. Companies use SCM as a way to meetthe competitive challenges of today’s business environment. Thefocus of SCM has shifted from engineering efficient functionalprocesses to the co-ordination of activities in a supply chainnetwork. The aim of this paper is to examine the stages in theevolution of the supply chain to an electronic supply chain. Toillustrate and support the types of evolutionary progressinvolved, best practices and case studies are provided andanalysed.
Electronic access
The Emerald Research Register for this journal isavailable at
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Introduction
Supply chain management (SCM) in the newbusiness era is considered as a medium forachieving short-term economic benefits andgaining long-term competitive advantages. SCMcan be considered as an aggregation of approachesand efforts supporting the efficient consolidationof producers, suppliers and distributors, in effect aco-ordination of the value chain so that productsare produced and distributed in the right quantity,at the right quality, at the right time and at the rightplace to ultimately achieve consumer satisfaction(Simchi-Levi et al., 2000). Current advances ininformation and communication technology(ICT) have revolutionised SCM to make it amechanism that enables diverse andgeographically disperse companies to createalliances to meet a new form of Internet-orientedconsumer demand (De Man et al., 2002). Thesealliances represent advanced and dynamicallychanging networks that aim to become competitiveby focusing their resources on bringing elements ofe-business to specific market segments. In otherwords, the focus of SCM has shifted from theengineering and improvement of individualfunctional processes to the co-ordination of theactivities of a dynamic supply chain network. Thetremendous transformations fostered bye-business have called for SCM research (Grieger,2002).



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