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留学生论文写作需求:Understanding Information Manag

Understanding the difference between Information Management and Knowledge Management


This paper discusses the important differences between Information Management (IM) and Knowledge Management (KM). One of the key premises advanced in this paper is that tacit and explicit knowledgeThesis is provided by UK thesis base not the same knowledge in a different state. The act of writing and making one knowledge available to others is in itself an act of learning and transformation of the nature of knowledge. In a general sense, it can be said that the uman element?is much more relevant from a KM perspective than from an IM perspective. Traditionally, IM has not taken into account how people learn, create, validate, codify, share knowledge and make decisions. Its focus has been on the manipulation of data and information. Conversely, KM, as a more recent discipline, has a much broader ambition. The goal of this article is to discuss not only how KM and IM are different or similar, but also how and why these two disciplines intersect. The risks involved in KM projects that do not clearly take these differences into account are also highlighted in this paper. The paper is based on a literature review and authors?own experiences with KM initiatives.

Key Words

Information Management, Knowledge Management, Information Technology, Tacit Knowledge, Intuition, Incentives, Risks, Reengineering Introduction

It is commonplace these days to say that knowledge is the most critical asset to be managed. Yet not many people ?particularly not practitioners ?invest very much time in learning about what knowledge really is and how different knowledge management is from information management. Particularly IM-focused individuals or software vendors tend to treat IM and KM as the same thing. However, the very act of managing and management science itself can be seen, to a large extent, as the application of human knowledge in an organizational context to achieve desired outcomes. Thus, managing knowledge can be defined very narrowly or broadly depending on a person抯 specific goals or perspective.

A narrow definition of KM is usually associated with the deployment of information management systems, while broad definitions are usually associated with the softer side of management such as leadership style, organizational culture, rewards and recognition programs, etc. In this article, we will argue that despite the growing focus on information management systems as a key enabler of KM, knowledge management as an emerging discipline depends on the fusion of the contributions of many disciplines, including philosophy, psychology, sociology, management and economics that until recently did not cross paths.

Defining Information and Knowledge

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